The fortress played an essential role in guarding La Losa pass, one of the routes that connected the Guadalquivir Valley and the Castilian plateau, in the Middle Ages. Today, a few remains of this fortress, located in the very heart of Despeñaperros Natural Park, still stand.
The fortress numbers amongst the oldest in Europe and is one of the finest examples of Moorish military architecture. The fortification stands in the old quarter of Baños de la Encina, declared a Heritage Site in 1969.
Bailén boasts a modern museum focusing on the famous battle that took place in the surrounding area. Visitors will learn more about a key episode within contemporary Spanish history.
The castle, which played a pivotal role in the conflicts between Moors and Christians, also gained protagonism during the Peninsular War. From this privileged position, visitors can contemplate unique views taking in a large portion of the province, the city of Jaén and, most notably, its Cathedral.
The castle is one of the best indications of the power attained by the Order of Calatrava in the Middle Ages, charged by King Ferdinand III, The Saint, with protecting the western border of the kingdom of Jaén against the Nasrid kingdom of Granada.
The fortress represents one of the most complex defensive systems of al-Andalus and one of the most important cultural centres of the region following Christian conquest. Enter its walls, cross through its old gates, travel along its narrow streets…
Built on the summit of the hill from which it takes its name, the Castle of Vilches affords travellers the opportunity to take in magnificent views of the Guadalén and Guarrizas valleys, in the area lying between Sierra Morena, to the north, and the Guadalquivir Valley, to the south.
Amongst the great abundance of historical treasures amassed in Cástulo we find the Castle of Santa Eufemia, one of the last indications of the importance of this city that, at the end of the Middle Ages, would definitively disappear.
The setting of the celebrated romance of the troubadour Macías, this castle, of Moorish origin, is one of the main attractions of Arjonilla. The legend, which inspired writers such as Lope de Vega and Larra, tells the tale of the tragic love between the young Macías and Doña Elvira.
Arjona was the birthplace of Alhamar. Vestiges of the splendour of this era are conserved, amongst which attention should be drawn to the cistern that once served the Castle of Arjona, which has recently been restored and turned into a museum.