This is one of the best-preserved castles in all al-Andalus. Its solid tabiyya walls, made of dry mud rich in lime, are the best example of al-Andalus military architecture of all Europe.
The castle, which played a pivotal role in the conflicts between Moors and Christians, also gained protagonism during the Peninsular War. From this privileged position, visitors can contemplate unique views taking in a large portion of the province, the city of Jaén and, most notably, its Cathedral.
The castle is a prime example of the power attained by the Order of Calatrava in the Middle Ages. King Fernando III, the Saint, entrusted the Order with the defence of the western border of the kingdom of Jaén against the Nasrid kingdom of Granada.
From afar, the majesty of the Fortress of La Mota historical monument site indicates to travellers that they are approaching one of the most complex defensive systems in Al-Andalus, and one of the most important centres of culture and power after the Christian conquest of Al-Andalus.
Built on top of the hill from which it takes its name, travellers to castle of Vilches enjoy spectacular views of the Guadalén and Guarrizas valleys, in an area that lies between the Sierra Morena mountains to the north and the Guadalquivir Valley to the south.
Cástulo boasts innumerable heritage, including the castle of Santa Eufemia, one of the last signs of the significance of a city that disappeared forever in the late Middle Ages.
The castle, of Arab origin, is one of the main attractions in Arjonilla. The legend, which served as inspiration for writers like Lope de Vega and Larra, tells the story of the unfortunate love between the young Macías and Doña Elvira.
Arjona was the birthplace of Alhamar, king of Granada, founder of the Nasrid dynasty and promoter of the building of the Alhambra.
In Lopera you will find one of the best examples of a castle built by the Military Order of Calatrava in Jaén province, declared a Monument of Cultural Interest in 1991.
According to tradition, Boabdil "El Chico", the last king of Granada, was imprisoned in the tower after being captured by the Christian army in the Battle of Lucena and kept there until he surrendered to the demands imposed by the Catholic Monarchs.
Chosen by the military Order for their strategic location, the castles of La Villa and La Peña made up one of the most important defensive enclaves in Jaén province.
Currently some remains of the fortress located in the heart of the Despeñaperros Natural Park are still standing in the midst of a rich ecological environment that lovers of nature and hiking find very attractive.
According to one story, after conquering the castle and only two days after the historic Battle of Navas de Tolosa, the Christians did not hesitate to slaughter the defenders of a castle...
The remains of the original Iberian settlement are located in a stunning natural landscape that also boasts many caves dug into the rock. A medieval castle, built by the Almohads in the 9th century, undoubtedly stood here.
In the heart of the city's old quarter, close to the church of Santa María and hidden between buildings stand the remains of one of the six slender towers, ending in battlements, that were part of the castle of Linares.
La Tobaruela is an example of the model of castle-residence that reflected the power of some noble lineages.
The flat, sunny streets of Andújar are an invitation to travellers to take a stroll and discover the town's rich heritage.
This rural castle was built by the Moors in the 12th century and renovated by the Christians after they conquered it.
The Castle of Torredonjimeno had several functions from its construction by the Arabs, more of 800 years ago, to protect a little farmstead.
In 1212, the Christian troops, led by Alfonso VIII, were victorious against the Almohad troops in the Battle of Navas de Tolosa (in Santa Elena, Jaén). Eight centuries after the battle, very close to where the events took place, stands a Museum dedicated to the combat, a turning point in the Christian conquest of Al-Andalus that initiated the decline of the Almohad empire's power.
On 19 July 1808, Spanish troops led by General Castaños defeated the French. The defeat was a hard blow to Napoleon's ambitious plans and a victory that compromised the invincibility of the French army. Bailén boasts a modern museum dedicated to the famous battle that was fought nearby. Travellers who visit the town will learn more about a key event in Spain's contemporary history.